ebook version. This period constitutes a crucial phase in the continent’s history in which Africa developed its own culture and written records. There were several major characteristic themes: the triumph of Islam; the extension of trading relations, cultural exchanges and human contacts; the development of kingdoms and empires. The ebook first describes the unification of the Maghrib under the Almohads. There follow chapters on the various civilizations of West Africa – Mali, Songhay, the Niger Bend, the Volta Basin, Chad, the Hausa and the coastal peoples from the Casamance to modern Cameroon.
By D.T. Niane, 848 pages